At least 12 folks had been killed and over 40 injured in Azerbaijan’s second-largest metropolis Ganja on Saturday which got here underneath a missile assault from the Armenian navy, alleged Baku.
“Civilians are continued to be saved from the debris of destruction by emergency services,” Hikmet Hajiyev, assistant to the Azerbaijani president, stated on Twitter.
“Treacherous and cruel missile attack of Armenia against civilians in Ganja is sign of weakness and desperation of Armenia’s political-military leadership in the face of its defeat on battleground,” Hajiyev stated, condemning Armenia for intentionally concentrating on Azerbaijan’s civilians.
“Two youngsters are among the many lifeless. Emergency works are nonetheless happening. Armenia’s terror and War Crimes proceed,” Hajiyev stated earlier on Twitter. “Armenia’s foreign ministry in vile manner attempts to deny its state responsibility for this nefarious war crimes,” he stated.
He stated that preliminary studies identified to the destruction of as many as 20 homes as a result of missile assault.
Turkey condemns Armenian assault
Condemning Armenia’s assault, Turkey’s ruling get together spokesperson reiterated assist for Azerbaijan.
“Armenia is killing civilians as a rogue state. It is carrying out brutal massacres. The murderers and their supporters are breaking the law. Attacks against Ganja are crimes against humanity,” Omer Celik stated on Twitter.
He stated that the attackers should not go unpunished and Armenia ought to be prosecuted for crimes. The official added that Armenia was killing ladies, kids, aged and civilians ‘indiscriminately’.
Why are Armenia and Azerbaijan combating?
Two ex-Soviet republics within the Caucasus, Armenia, and Azerbaijan, are engaged in a decades-long territorial dispute which has re-erupted with the heaviest clashes in years on Sunday.
Here are the important thing elements surrounding their battle:
At the center of the standoff between Yerevan and Baku is the contested Nagorny Karabakh area.
The Soviet authorities merged the predominantly ethnic Armenian territory with Azerbaijan in 1921.
After the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, Armenian separatists seized it in a transfer supported by Yerevan.
An ensuing conflict left 30,000 lifeless and compelled lots of of 1000’s from their houses.
Despite a ceasefire mediated in 1994 by Russia, the United States, and France, peace negotiations battle to maneuver ahead and combating erupts often.
The newest clashes on Sunday noticed Azerbaijan and Armenian separatists accuse one another of igniting the combating that left either side with casualties, together with civilians.
It adopted a flare-up alongside the border in July which claimed the lives of 17 troopers from either side.
In April 2016, some 110 folks had been killed in probably the most critical combating in years.
Revolts and dynasty
Armenia has been rocked by political and financial instability because it gained independence from the previous USSR.
The nation’s post-Soviet management repressed opposition to its rule, was accused of falsifying poll outcomes, and was largely beholden to the pursuits of Russia.
In the spring of 2018, mass road protests introduced present Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan to energy. He has since cracked down on corruption and launched fashionable judicial reforms.
Azerbaijan, on the Caspian Sea, has been underneath the authoritarian grip of a single-family since 1993.
Heydar Aliyev, a former officer of the Soviet safety providers, the KGB, dominated the nation with an iron fist till October 2003. He handed over energy to his son, Ilham, weeks earlier than his loss of life.
Like his father, Ilham has quashed all opposition to his rule and in 2017 made his spouse, Mehriban, the nation´s first vice chairman.
Russia and Turkey
Turkey, with ambitions to be a regional powerbroker within the Caucasus, has thrown its weight behind oil-rich and Turkic-speaking Azerbaijan.
Their alliance is fuelled by a mutual distrust of Armenia, and Ankara routinely points strongly-worded statements in assist of Baku’s ambitions to reclaim Nagorny Karabakh.
Yerevan harbours hostility in direction of Turkey over the massacres of some 1.5 million Armenians by Turkey underneath the Ottoman Empire throughout World War I.
More than 30 international locations have recognised the killings as genocide, although Ankara fiercely disputes the time period.
Russia, which maintains shut ties with Armenia, is the main powerbroker within the area. It leads the Collective Security Treaty Organisation navy alliance of ex-Soviet international locations that features Armenia.
Yerevan depends on Russian assist and navy ensures as a result of its defence finances is overshadowed by Azerbaijan´s spending on arms.
Oil and diaspora
Azerbaijan has not too long ago begun leveraging oil revenues as a part of a bid to overtake its picture within the West.
Baku has invested in large sponsorship offers together with with the Euro 2020 soccer championship, which was postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Baku was as a result of host matches this 12 months and Azerbaijan has held Formula 1 Grand Prix races since 2016.
Azerbaijan has additionally tried to pitch itself to European international locations instead power provider to Russia.
Reality TV star Kim Kardashian, the late singer Charles Aznavour, and pop star and actress Cher all hint their roots to Armenia.
Some have appointed themselves unofficial ambassadors, like Kardashian who has been outspoken on the problem of the Armenian genocide.